Due to its proximity to Washington, Alexandria has only been the home of one professional sports team, the Alexandria Dukes, a minor league baseball team which has moved to Woodbridge and is currently named the Potomac Nationals.

However, the Cal Ripken, Sr. Collegiate Baseball League brought baseball back to Alexandria in 2008 in the form of the Alexandria Aces.

In addition, TC Williams, Bishop Ireton, St. Stephen's and Episcopal have storied histories in athletics, such as football, basketball, baseball and lacrosse. A dramatisation about the TC Williams Titans American football squad is the basis for the movie Remember the Titans.

The largest youth sport in Alexandria is soccer with almost 2,500 players ages 2–18 who participate in The Alexandria Soccer Association.