As an independent city of Virginia (as opposed to an incorporated town within a county), Alexandria derives its governing authority from the Virginia General Assembly. In order to revise the power and structure of the city government, the city must request the General Assembly to amend the charter. The present charter was granted in 1950 and it has been amended in 1968, 1971, 1976, and 1982.
Alexandria adopted a council-manager form of government by way of referendum in 1921. This type of government empowers the elected City Council to pass legislation and appoint the City Manager. The City Manager is responsible for overseeing the city's administration.
|Mayor||William D. Euille||Democratic Party||2003||At-Large|
|Vice Mayor||Allison Silberberg||Democratic Party||2012||At-Large|
|Member||John T. Chapman||Democratic Party||2012||At-Large|
|Member||Timothy B. Lovain||Democratic Party||2006 – 2009|
|Member||Redella S. "Del" Pepper||Democratic Party||1985||At-Large|
|Member||Paul C. Smedberg||Democratic Party||2003||At-Large|
|Member||Justin Wilson||Democratic Party||2008 – 2009|
In 2008, the City of Alexandria had 78 standing local boards, commissions, and committees to advise the City Council on major issues affecting the community. All members are appointed by the City Council.